von Christian Roth - Kategorie: Forschung
Wer sich mit Computerspielforschung beschäftigt, kommt nicht an Richard Bartle vorbei, der Onlinerollenspieler in 4 Verhaltensklassen unterteilt:
Wer herausfinden möchte, welcher Spielertyp er ist, schaut hier vorbei. Diese Klassifizierung läßt sich jedoch nicht einfach auf Pokerspielertypen übertragen. Die Spielmechaniken von Onlinerollenspielen und Pokerrunden sind grundverschieden. Diese Lücke schließt Dr. Mark Griffiths, Psychologe und seit über 25 Jahren Spieleforscher mit dem Schwerpunkt Glücksspiele (gambling studies). Auch wenn seine Einteilung empirische Validierung benötigt und von Griffiths selbst als Pop-Psychologie angesehen wird, ist es doch ein erster Schritt, Pokerspieltypen zu unterscheiden.
In seiner ersten Studie, an der 2000 Pokerspieler teilnahmen, unterschied er 39% der Spieler als Wallflowers oder Calculators (40% männlich und 38% weiblich), 17% Jokers (16% männlich und 17% weiblich), 15% Generals (17% männlich und 13% weiblich) und 4% Hunters (5% männlich und 3% weiblich). Die Untergruppen Politician und Artisan machten nur einen verschwindend kleinen Teil der Spieler aus. Welcher Pokerspielertyp sind Sie?
The General: Instantly recognisable for their guts, Generals won’t shirk in the face of risk and are comfortable in their ability to fight back from a short stack. In everyday life, The General’s supreme self-belief can be overbearing, but Generals tend to reap the rewards and are often very successful in their careers. At the green baize, the high risk-high gain strategy employed tends to see them bust out first or win the lot. The Joker: A natural born entertainer, a jester at the table who ensures everyone will have fun. Well liked, Jokers command other’s allegiances and will use this to their advantage. But beware, they are more than happy to talk you off a pot should they choose to. Unfortunately, Jokers are as easily distracted, and can be distracting at the poker table. This can be dangerous. A lack of discipline and patience can make you question whether the Jokers are equipped with the will to win. What’s more, their need to be liked can often stand in their way of closing in on the kill. The Wallflower: The Wallflower is happy to sit on the sidelines and wait for others to fight it out before they get involved. In everyday life the Wallflower will rarely throw in their lot with anyone and will take their time to make allegiances. Wallflowers are equipped with the most important of all poker virtues – patience. Their tendency to avoid the quagmire of the group dynamic gives them an extra edge – their relationships come with no baggage. While the others fight it out the Wallflower will sit back, observe and learn. According to journalist and female poker player Victoria Coren, while Wallflowers can survive quite a while in a game, they can’t necessarily change gear later and nail money finishes. The Calculator: Cool, composed and naturally conservative, Calculators will only go into a hand with the best of it. In everyday life, Calculators were often the cleverest kids in their class – if not the ones with the biggest circle of friends. Instinctively risk-averse, their strengths as a poker player include a methodical approach and the ability to separate emotion from decisions. Skilful as they may be, there is no easier player to read than a Calculator. What’s more, Calculators can be quite passive and are unwilling to chase the action if it doesn’t come their way. The Hunter: At first glance, the Hunter can easily be mistaken for a General. Both exude the same forcefulness and strength of character, but where The General is all about thought through risks, The Hunter is all about naked aggression. Off the poker table, Hunters aren’t always the best communicators, but are hugely loyal and very determined. On the poker table, a Hunter is a formidable opponent and loves the thrill of trying to beat the odds. A loose player, they’ll play a lot of hands and will feed off the weaker players by bullying them off pots. The Politician: An arch manipulator, you can spot Politicians because they’re your best friends. Trouble is, they’re also your next-door neighbour’s best friend and even your enemy’s best friend. Their good qualities are highly tuned instincts and a whole deck of charisma. Both will serve them well at the poker table, but both can also lead to trouble. A tendency to play the people rather than the cards can spell disaster, and the Politician is one of the most likely players to bluff. The Artisan: At first glance, the Artisan may not appear to be a natural born poker player. Led by the creative left side of their brain rather than the more mathematical right hand side, Artisans are more usually found engaged in less competitive activities. However, Artisans have very finely honed intuitive skills and always love to rise to a challenge. An Artisan will take a very lateral approach to the game and won’t be scared to make a move if their instincts tell them to.
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